Peru is a special country to visit. Tucked into the north-western coast of South America, the country is home to a varied landscape of mountains, jungle, river basins, and coastal beaches.
There are many interesting facts about Peru. From its diverse culture and history to its natural beauty, there is much to explore in this country just below the equator.
Here are ten of the most interesting facts about Peru:
Where is Peru Located?
Peru is a South American country located in the westernmost part of the continent. It is bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile. Peru has three main geographical regions which are the Costa (coast), Sierra (highlands), and Selva (jungle).
Peru is home to a section of the Amazon rainforest and the Andes mountains. The archaeologically significant Inca settlement of Machu Picchu is located high in the Andes region. Machu Picchu is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
What is the Population of Peru?
Peru has an estimated population of about 33 million people.
What is the Climate In Peru?
The climate in Peru is diverse due to the country’s variety of geographic regions. The coastal region has a tropical climate, whereas the highlands have a temperate climate. The jungle is mainly hot and humid. Both the highlands and the jungle have a dry season and a wet season.
What is the Official Language of Peru?
The official language of Peru is Spanish. However, numerous indigenous languages are spoken in the country as well, such as Quechua and Aymara.
What is the Currency of Peru?
The currency of Peru is the Peruvian sol. One sol is divided into 100 centimos.You can exchange your currency for sols at most banks and currency exchange shops.
What Should You Pack for a Trip to Peru?
When packing for a trip to Peru, it is crucial to pack appropriate clothing for the climate and regions you will be visiting. For example, if you visit the jungle region, you will need to pack light, loose-fitting clothing and insect repellent. You will want beachwear for the coast.
If you visit the highlands, you will need to pack warm clothing as it can get quite cold at night.
Is Peru Safe?
Peru is a generally safe country to visit. There is no risk of rampant violent crimes in Peru. However, street crime and petty thefts are common in places such as Cusco, Lima, and Arequipa, as other major cities.
Why is Peru so Culturally Diverse?
Peru is an incredibly diverse country. Peru’s cultural diversity has been influenced by a number of other peoples and countries, such as the Incas, Spain, and various African countries. Cultural diversity is seen in Peru’s art, food, and music.
Peru has a lot of traditional dishes, including ceviche (raw fish marinated in citrus juice), pollo a la brasa (grilled chicken), and lomo saltado (stir-fried beef).
What Is The Best Time To Visit Peru?
Peru is in the southern hemisphere and the best time to visit Peru depends on which region you are going to. Generally, May to August is the best time to visit Peru’s mountains and jungle, while December to March is great for the coast.